Virtual server

I am planning my next server.  I want to build a server that is optimized for running virtualized computers and large disk storage. I’m using this post to take some notes. With all of this information in one place my goal is for it to help me design my next computer. There is a lot of information about computer parts on the Internet and this is the source of this information.

Some of my friends have asked why I build my own computers and I always reply because it is fun and I learn a lot. I rarely document my design process so here is a place to watch how I do it.

Intel® Xeon® Processor 7000 Sequence

These processors are for servers

Processor number?L2 cacheL3 cacheClock speedFront side busSystem typePowerNumber of cores
45-nm technology
X74609MB16MB2.66 GHz1066 MHzMP130W6
L74559MB12MB2.13 GHz1066 MHzMP65W6
L74456MB12MB2.13 GHz1066 MHzMP50W4
E74509MB12MB2.40 GHz1066 MHzMP90W6
E74406MB16MB2.40 GHz1066 MHzMP90W4
E74306MB12MB2.13 GHz1066 MHzMP90W4
E74206MB8MB2.13 GHz1066 MHzMP90W4
65-nm technology
X73508MB02.93 GHz1066 MHzMP130W4
L73458MB01.86 GHz1066 MHzMP50W4
E73408MB02.40 GHz1066 MHzMP80W4
E73306MB02.40 GHz1066 MHzMP80W4
E73204MB02.13 GHz1066 MHzMP80W4
E73104MB01.60 GHz1066 MHzMP80W4
E72208MB02.93 GHz1066 MHzMP80W2
E72108MB02.40 GHz1066 MHzMP80W2

I will go with the cheapest 45nm quad core with 12mb L3 cache, the Xeon E7430.  Now I’ll search for a motherboard.

Intel® Xeon® Processor 5000 Sequence

These processors are for workstations.

Processor Number?CacheClock SpeedFront Side BusSystem TypePowerDual-coreQuad-core
45-nm technology
X549212MB3.40 GHz1600 MHzDP150W checkmark
X547012MB3.33 GHz1333 MHzDP120W checkmark
X548212MB3.20 GHz1600 MHzDP120W checkmark
X547212MB3.00 GHz1600 MHzDP120W checkmark
E547212MB3.00 GHz1600 MHzDP80W checkmark
E546212MB2.80 GHz1600 MHzDP80W checkmark
X546012MB3.16 GHz1333 MHzDP120W checkmark
X545012MB3.00 GHz1333 MHzDP120W checkmark
E545012MB3.00 GHz1333 MHzDP80W checkmark
E544012MB2.83 GHz1333 MHzDP80W checkmark
L543012MB2.66 GHz1333 MHzDP50W checkmark
E543012MB2.66 GHz1333 MHzDP80W checkmark
L542012MB2.50 GHz1333 MHzDP50W checkmark
E542012MB2.50 GHz1333 MHzDP80W checkmark
L541012MB2.33 GHz1333 MHzDP50W checkmark
E541012MB2.33 GHz1333 MHzDP80W checkmark
E540512MB2.00 GHz1333 MHzDP80W checkmark
X52726MB3.40 GHz1600 MHzDP80Wcheckmark 
X52706MB3.50 GHz1333 MHzDP80Wcheckmark 
X52606MB3.33 GHz1333 MHzDP80Wcheckmark 
L52406MB3.00 GHz1333 MHzDP40Wcheckmark 
E52056MB1.86 GHz1066 MHzDP65Wcheckmark 

For a 3D expert system Intel recommends this Xeon X5482 configuration.

The motherboard is a dual processor with LGA771 socket design.


High Power Efficiency Platform with SAS Support Ready

ASUS new server board DSEB-DG/SAS is based on 45nm Intel® Xeon® 5400/5300/5200/5100 processor with the green design of 90%+ power efficiency. Featured with leading-edge technology including FSB 1600MHz, FB-DIMM 800MHz, PCI-Express Gen2 x16 and SAS support, the DSEB-DG/SAS is the most out-performance server board which is ideal for enterprise-class and computing demanding applications.

Asus DSEB-DG/SAS mother board

Asus DSEB-DG/SAS mother board

Motherboard Specifications

Processor2 * LGA771 sockets support:
Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 5300/5400 Series Processors
Dual-Core Intel® Xeon® Processor 5100/5200 Series Processors
FSBFSB 667/1066/1333/1600MHz
Core LogicIntel® 5400 Memory Controller Hub (MCH)
Intel® 6321ESB I/O Controller Hub (ICH)
Memory8 * Fully-Buffered DIMM DDR2 533/667/800 Reg. ECC, Maximum up to 64 GB
1.5V (Low Voltage) & 1.8V supported
Storage InterfaceIntel® 6321ESB support 6 SATA2 300MB/s ports
LSI® 1068 PCI-X SAS controller support 8 SAS ports
RAID SupportIntel® 6321ESB: 6 SATA2 300MB/s ports
Intel Matrix Storage (for Windows only)
(Support software RAID 0, 1, 10 & 5)   

LSI® 1068 PCI-X 8-port SAS controller:
LSI® Integrated RAID 0, 1, 1E support
Optional LSI® ZCR(Zero-Channel-RAID) PCI-X card:
(For upgrade to support hardware RAID 0, 1, 10, 5, 50)

Intel® 6321+ Intel® 82563EB Dual Port GbE LAN
2 * Intel® 82573L GbE LAN
Onboard GfxXGI Z9s VGA Controller / 32MB DDR VRAM
Expansion Slot
2 * PCI-E x16 Gen2
1 * PCI-E x8 (x8 link)
2 * PCI-X 100/133 MHz
1 * PCI 32bit/33 MHz
Form FactorSSI EEB 3.61, 12” x 13”

Here is a specification for a Dell server.






Base Unit:  Quad Core Xeon Processor E53102x4MB Cache, 1.60GHz, 1066MHz FSB, PE 1900 (222-6792)
Processor:  Quad Core Xeon 2nd Processor E5310, 2x4MB Cache, 1.60GHz 1066MHz FSB, PE1900 (311-6842)
Memory 16GB 667MHz (8x2GB), Dual Ranked DIMMs, Spare-Row (311-7194)
Keyboard:  No Keyboard Selected (310-5017)
Video Card:  LOM NIC is TOE Ready (430-2966)
Hard Drive:  HD Multi-Select (341-4158)
Hard Drive Controller:  PERC 5/i, Integrated Controller Card (341-3018)
Floppy Disk Drive:  No Floppy Drive (341-3052)
Operating System:  No Operating System (420-6320)
Mouse:  Mouse Option None (310-0024)
NIC:  Intel PRO 1000 VT Quad Port (430-2687)
TBU:  No Tape Drive (341-4205)
CD-ROM or DVD-ROM Drive:  DVD-RW Drive, SATA (313-7135)
Cable:  1900 HARD DRIVE CABLE FOR MORE THAN 4 HDDs (310-8432)
Documentation Diskette:  Electronic Documentation and OpenManage DVD Kit (310-8292)
Feature  Integrated SAS/SATA RAID 0 PERC 5/i Integrated (341-4018)
Service:  Dell Hardware Warranty, Extended Year(s) (985-3298)
Service:  Dell Hardware Warranty Plus Onsite Service Initial Year (985-3307)
Service:  Pro Support for IT: Next Business Day Onsite Service After Problem Diagnosis, 2Year Extended (987-2462)
Service:  ProSupport for IT: 7×24 HW / SW Tech Support and Assistance for Certified IT Staff, 3 Year (987-2502)
Service:  Pro Support for IT: Next Business Day Onsite Service After Problem Diagnosis, Initial Year (987-6940)
Service:  Thank you choosing Dell ProSupport. For tech support, visit or call 1-800-945-33 (989-3439)
Installation:  On-Site Installation Declined (900-9997)
Misc:  Power Cord, NEMA 5-15P to C14,15 amp, wall plug, 10 feet / 3 meter (310-8509)
  500GB 7.2K RPM Serial ATA 3Gbps 3.5-in Cabled Hard Drive (341-3875) – Quantity 6